Compile tools in RelWithDebInfo or Release mode.
Debug is way slower for extraction and only suggested if you have specific crashes to report.
This guide assumes you followed the suggested folder structure.
Browse into your (Drive):\Build\bin\Release* (or Debug* or RelWithDebInfo*) folder and copy the files shown in the info box below into your root World of Warcraft folder
Browse into your (Drive):\TrinityCore\contrib and copy "extractor.bat" into your root World of Warcraft folder (with the previous files).
Launch "extractor.bat" and select your extractor option. For a fresh setup, this should be option 4 - extract all.
The time this takes highly depends on the mode where the tools have been builded in and also on the amount of available cpu cores.
For a full extraction, this can be anything from below 15 minutes up to several hours depening on your hardware. (Master takes way longer than 335)
mmaps & vmaps are not needed to start the server but the config has to be edited to start without them. This is not suggested at all as this will lead to creatures running through walls and other unwanted problems.
Move the vmaps, maps, dbc, cameras (and gt (master Branch only)) folders to the same directory as the TrinityCore binaries.
You could also put them somewhere else and point there in your worldserver.conf